advertisement
Updated 24 July 2013

Children: common causes of deafness

In most cases permanent deafness is hereditary. Take a look at some of the other most common causes of deafness in children.

0

These are the most common causes of deafness in children:

- In most cases permanent deafness is hereditary. A third of people who are deaf for genetic reasons were born deaf, a third become deaf during childhood and the other third become deaf as adults. Permanent hearing loss among children is the most common congenital disability - in developing countries this is up to five in every 1 000 babies.

- Inflammation of the middle ear (tympanitis) is the most common cause of a type of deafness known as conductive deafness. Regular ear infections can cause permanent hearing loss among children.

- German measles during pregnancy can cause permanent deafness. If a pregnant woman contracts German measles during the first eight weeks of pregnancy there is an 86 per cent chance her baby will be deaf.

- Other problems during pregnancy that can also result in deafness in the unborn baby include infection with the cytomegalo virus, Rhesus-irreconcilable blood between mother and baby, thyroid problems and diabetes in the mother.

- Permanent deafness can result if the baby suffers from a lack of oxygen during birth or has to be connected to a respirator for more than five days.

- Another risk factor is if the baby weighs less than 1,5 kg at birth.

- Injuries during birth (especially head injuries) and jaundice in babies can also be a cause.

- So can viral and bacterial infections such as meningitis in babies and toddlers.

- Certain medicines such as some antibiotics and TB drugs can also cause deafness.

(This is an extract of an article that originally appeared in YOU Pulse / Huisgenoot-POLS magazine, September 2007. Buy the latest copy, on newsstands now, for more fascinating stories from the world of health and wellness.)

 
advertisement

Get a quote

advertisement

Read Health24’s Comments Policy

Comment on this story
0 comments
Add your comment
Comment 0 characters remaining

Live healthier

Strenghten your immunity »

Keep your immunity strong Immune system boosters Boost your family's immunity

5 immune boosters in your kitchen

You don’t need a handful of vitamins and supplements to keep your body healthy, check out these five immune boosting foods you probably already have in your kitchen.

Depression »

Depression Depression and ageing Teen depression

Depression: do you know the signs?

One of the key roles you can play in the health of someone who is depressed or suffers from anxiety is to make sure they get the help they need. Here's what you need to know.