Smokers take on average nearly eight days more sick leave per year than non-smoking colleagues, according to a Swedish study published on Thursday in the British health journal Tobacco Control.
The study looked at data on absence for sickness among more than
14 000 workers between 1988 and 1991.
Across the sample, the average total of days taken as sick leave
Current smokers accounted for 29% of the sample, compared
to 26% for former smokers and 45% who had never
Smokers took 34 days sick leave per year on average,
"never" smokers took 20 days and former smokers took 25 days.
Smoking made 8 days difference
The gap between smokers and former/never smokers was reduced to
just under eight days when factors such as socio-economic
background, alcohol use and obesity were taken into account.
Sweden has the highest sickness-absence rate among
According to the latest Organisation for Economic Cooperation
and Development (OECD) figures, Sweden loses 25 working days per
employee per year due to sickness, compared to nine in the United
Even so, the evidence points to smoking as having a clear impact
on productivity beyond Sweden, the study says.
The author of the paper is Petter Lundborg, an economist at Free
University Amsterdam in the Netherlands. – (Sapa-AFP)
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