Updated 09 September 2014

Foetal Alcohol Syndrome highest in SA

World Foetal Alcohol Syndrome Day is held each year at nine minutes past nine on the ninth day of the ninth month (09:09am on the 09th day of the 09 month) and apparently SA has the most FAS babies.

An estimated 25 000 babies are born with Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) every year in South Africa, this is the highest reported incidence in the world.

Read: FAS prevalence underestimated in SA

FAS, a completely preventable disability, is caused by the consumption of alcohol during pregnancy; it is the main cause of severe mental disabilities and stunted physical growth in babies.

Read: What exactly is FAS?

In some areas within South Africa, FAS has been reported to be as high as 12.2%, in comparison to other countries, prevalence of FAS varies from 0.1% to 0.8%. While the figures give some idea of the incidence of FAS in South Africa, a large number of cases are undocumented, with some experts predicting foetal alcohol exposure to be between three to five times higher than the reported rate.

“Initiatives like World Foetal Alcohol Syndrome Day are vital in the fight against FAS, which is found in all races and across all socio-economic groups,” Dorothea Gertse, a social worker at the Saartjie Baartman Centre for Women and Children said.

“Continuous intervention, education and counselling is required. We often treat pregnant women with alcohol and drug dependence issues, by the time they reach us for help, they are so downtrodden and desperate to escape their reality that the safety of their unborn child is not a priority,” Gertse said.

“The women often have no idea about the long-term effects and expense of having to raise a mentally disabled child.”

Rural areas in the Western Cape and towns in the Northern Cape like De Aar are the hardest hit by FAS, however it also affects babies born in urban areas, where prevalence amongst pregnant teens and young mothers is high.

“Being aware of FAS is not enough; drastic steps need to be taken to curb and erode this perfectly preventable disability,” says Gertse.

“FAS is 100% avoidable, so much so, that it could be one of the major health problems permanently removed from our country’s health risk concerns.”

Read more:
How alcohol consumption in pregnancy harms your baby
FAS higher in adopted kids

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