advertisement
21 February 2011

Emotional and social development: six to twelve

During middle childhood, children move into a broader social world of peers, teachers, other adults and the community.

0

During middle childhood, children move into a broader social world of peers, teachers, other adults and the community. They become more aware of what is socially acceptable and more influenced by peer pressure.

The home remains the place where physical needs are met. Here children get to know themselves and learn how to behave towards others. These skills are important for their social and emotional adjustment outside of home.

As children spend more time at school, they are encouraged to become more independent. Social skills are enhanced and self confidence develops. Interaction with peers also strengthen gender roles, attitudes and values.

Play becomes more complex and structured. Games now have rules which have to be followed closely (e.g. hide-and-seek). Games also become more competitive and teamwork becomes important (e.g. in team sports).

It becomes more important for children to feel that they are accepted by their peers and that they belong to a group. Academic performance and athletic ability greatly influences a child’s status amongst peers. Acceptance and popularity have a huge impact on a child’s self esteem. Unfortunately, children can easily feel lonely and rejected and become more vulnerable to bullying by peers.

According to the psychologist Erik Erikson’s theory of emotional development, children in this age group are faced with the psychosocial crisis called industry versus inferiority. This means that children develop a sense of industry and curiosity and are eager to learn. Successful mastery leads to feelings of efficiency. Parents and teachers should therefore provide opportunities to practise these skills. If children feel that they don’t accomplish something, they feel inferior.

(Ilse Pauw, Health24)

 
NEXT ON HEALTH24X

More:

ChildBody
advertisement

Read Health24’s Comments Policy

Comment on this story
0 comments
Comments have been closed for this article.

Live healthier

Contraceptives and you »

Scientists create new contraceptive from seaweed Poor long-term birth control training leads to 'accidents'

7 birth control myths you should stop believing

Will the Pill make you gain weight? Can you fall pregnant while breastfeeding? We bust seven common myths about birth control.

Your digestive health »

Causes of digestive disorders 9 habits that could hurt your digestive system

Your tummy rumblings might help diagnose bowel disorder

With the assistance of an 'acoustic belt', doctors can now determine the cause of your tummy troubles.