Environmentally conscious parents have long struggled with the fact that their baby's dirty diapers wind up in landfills, but what option do they have?
Faced with just that dilemma, two married Los Angeles doctors turned to a diaper-free approach with their third child, using an apparently ages-old method known as "elimination communication", or EC.
The practice relies on gauging a baby's natural timing and cues – such
as facial gestures – to recognise when they need to urinate or defecate
and holding them over a toilet at those times.
EC definitely isn't for everyone, and probably wouldn't work well in a daycare setting, Drs Jeffrey Bender and Rosemary She acknowledged.
But for those interested, the couple said getting babies to cooperate with EC is surprisingly straightforward.
Reduces health problems
In addition to environmental benefits, the uncommon approach can also reduce health problems in infants such as diaper rash, urinary tract infections and even dangerous methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections, Bender and She said.
"It's funny that we think of it as modern and new, where it's probably a very old and ancient practice and what people did before there were diapers and still do across the world where they don't have the luxury of disposable diapers," said She, a pathologist and medical microbiologist at Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California.
"I wanted to share our story in hopes other people would be interested in it as well, and maybe spark some research," said Bender, a paediatric infectious diseases specialist at Children's Hospital Los Angeles.
He noted that their daughter – now 5 – learned the ropes of EC within a couple months of birth, with only a few "accidents".
Only one or two 'misses'
Disposable diapers may take more than 500 years to degrade. And it's estimated that more than 27 billion disposable diapers are used in the United States each year, according to the study.
The study was published online in the journal Pediatrics.
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Bender and She were among the majority of American parents who used disposable diapers with their two sons.
after reading about EC, they decided to change their approach with
their third child. During her first weeks of life, they clad her in
cloth diapers but regularly attempted "toilet time" after each feed and
Holding her over the toilet, they also whistled two notes
that their daughter would come to associate with naturally relieving
herself. By the end of her first month, the parents experienced only one
or two "misses" per day.
Multiple caregivers problematic
first time we got her to go poop in the toilet after eating and didn't
have to clean a diaper, that was like the best thing ever," Bender said.
"By about six months or so, we could go out with her and carry maybe a
change of clothes, but rarely had to use them. I can't believe we ever
In an attempt to make "using the potty"
more attractive to toddlers, the choices in potty seats and chairs have
proliferated, and sport all manner of bells and whistles. But the
bottom line is that the kind of seat matters far less than how ready
your toddler is to start potty training.
When their parental leave
finished, the couple's nanny continued their efforts. Their caregiver's
own Taiwanese grandmother had used EC with her when she was an infant,
But Bender and She acknowledge that carrying out
this method with a child who goes to daycare could be problematic.
Multiple caregivers and children in a larger setting pose obstacles to
paying close attention to one infant's particular cues and responding in
time, they said. A one-time babysitter would also have trouble quickly
Difficult for single parents
way our society is, with a lot of children in daycare, this probably
isn't feasible," Bender said. "By no means do we feel this is for
everyone. We were fortunate and in a position to... take alternate
months off [when our daughter was a newborn], and a lot of parents don't
have that luxury."
Paediatrician Dr Rashidah Green hasn't yet
encountered parents who use EC with their infants. She noted the
challenge working parents would face trying to incorporate EC into their
"A lot of my patients have parents who are very
busy – a lot of parents are both working, and sometimes come from a
single-parent home – so I don't think it's the easiest thing to do for
kids," said Green, from Montefiore Medical Group in New York City.
definitely agree with what [She and Bender] mentioned in the paper
about reducing landfill waste – that's a huge pro," she added. "A lot of
my patients come in with diaper rashes, so I think reducing rates of
diaper rash is also a pro."
Potty-training with whistles
So when should I start potty training?