Updated 20 April 2016

Action point


Certain antiretroviral drugs may increase insulin resistance, putting a patient at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

In particular, Indinavir and Lopinavir/ritonavir (protease inhibitors) and Didanosine, Stavudine and Zidovudine (nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors) have been linked to impaired glucose tolerance.

If you are on ART treatment, be sure to go for yearly blood glucose screenings. Many local clinics offer this as a free service.

If you notice any of the common symptoms of diabetes such as unusual thirst, frequent urination, tingling in the hands and feet, excessive hunger or blurred vision, be sure to visit a doctor as soon as possible.

Take a look at our HIV/Aids Centre for more information on managing your condition.