Updated 21 October 2015

Action point


Remember that once you are HIV infected, all your bodily fluids contain the virus in varying concentrations. Blood, genital fluids and breast milk have the highest concentrations of the virus – if you are not on ARVs and taking them properly.

If you are on treatment, the viral load – the number of HIV copies in your blood – goes down. The lower the viral load, the lower the risk of transmitting HIV to your baby. Today drug regimens in all African countries reduce breast milk transmission rates to under 2 % if it's done right.

In Africa, with drugs that lower transmission rates, the benefits of breastfeeding now outweigh the risks.

Take a look at our HIV/Aids Centre for more information on managing your condition.