Home > Newsletters > Daily: Love or hate Earth Hour? > Daily Dose: This is why your vanilla or cinnamon flavoured e-cigarette is toxic > Health-in-Motion 11 December 2017 Scientists are still learning so much about genetic processes. Scientists are still learning so much about genetic processes. A fascinating recent example of this is the discovery by European researchers, that so-called transcription factors, the chemical compounds which turn genes ‘off’ and ‘on’, don’t function as single molecules, as previously believed, but as tiny spheres about 30 nanometres in diameter, which are shaped like footballs but are 10 million times smaller. “The textbooks all suggested that single molecules were used to switch genes on and off,” explains lead researcher Mark Leake, “not these crazy nano footballs that we observed". 0 More: Daily Dose: This is why your vanilla or cinnamon flavoured e-cigarette is toxicHealth-in-Motion advertisement Other news News CBD is the rage, but more research and science on safety and efficacy is needed Medical Researchers discover a new way to tackle previously inoperable pancreatic cancer Lifestyle How to recognise when your ageing parents need help Parenting Could exercise in pregnancy boost baby's health as well? Mental health 'Emotional well-being can be mastered like any other skill' Medical Trouble driving at night? Those yellow lenses won't help Live healthier Heart health » 5 women share exactly what it feels like to have a heart attack 'I felt like I had a pill stuck in my throat.' Diet & Nutrition » 8 benefits of gherkin juice that will make you want to drink some ASAP Goodbye, salt craving.