29 September 2014

Unhealthy SA lifestyles boost organ demand

According to the Organ Donor Foundation there is a dire need for organ donation in South Africa – the waiting list for a kidney transplant for example is five to eight years.

The Organ Donor Foundation said on Tuesday that the rise in lifestyle diseases in South Africa has led to an increased demand for organ donations.

Lifestyle diseases

"There’s a dire need for organ donation in this country. The country’s more affluent people are getting non-communicable, lifestyle diseases, which means an increased number of people are ending up with kidney diseases," nephrologist, Dr Fikile Tsela told reporters.

In addition, illnesses such as diabetes and HIV/Aids have led to an increase in renal diseases.

The waiting list for a kidney transplants is five to eight years.

Read: SA needs organ donors

"It’s a dire situation that we have," she said.

She urged the public to make lifestyle changes and to enrol as organ donors.

Sandra Venter, of the Centre for Tissue Engineering, said tissues such as the cornea, bones, skin and heart valves could also be donated.

"There’s nothing that can replace human tissues – no artificial product can do for a patient what human tissue can do," she said.

Escalating crisis

"There’s a desperate need for tissue donors, specifically in the Pretoria, Mpumalanga and [Polokwane] areas."

Earlier, the ODF’s Jooste Vermeulen, said that there is an escalating crisis and the country urgently needs referrals to address the potentially devastating problem.

Vermeulen said the foundation launched the "Say yes" awareness campaign during organ donor month. The campaign was twofold.

Donor families had to be informed of their decision so they could "say yes" on behalf of the donor.

The second aspect of the campaign was to educate medical professionals.

"We ask doctors to say yes to organ referrals. Many organ referrals are lost in ICU," Vermeulen said.

Read: iPod video used to encourage organ donation

Brian Lombard, 67, an ODF volunteer, said he had received a lung transplant in 2007.

"If the donor’s family hadn't said ‘yes’, I wouldn’t have made it."

On list for five years

Lombard, who suffered from emphysema, had 19 percent lung function by the time he received the transplant.

He said that before the transplant, breathing felt like "having a peg on your nose and breathing through a straw while you walk around".

Casper Walkers, 66, was on the waiting list to receive a kidney.

"I’ve been on the list for five years," he said.

Walkers has polycystic kidney disease and only has one kidney, with limited function. He has had to give up playing golf and his job as a police officer. He undergoes dialysis three times a week.

Over 4300 South Africans are awaiting an organ transplant. However, less than 600 transplants are performed each year.

One person could save seven lives by donating their heart, lungs, two kidneys, the liver, and pancreas.

Read more:

Organ transplant statistics

Pigs to grow human organs
How music prevents organ rejection

Image: Transporting donor organs from Shutterstock

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