Home > News Updated 11 July 2014 Setback in search for HIV 'cure' A baby girl born in the southern US state of Mississippi, who was thought to have been cleared of HIV, has seen her infection return, US scientists say. 13 Shutterstock Related Treating HIV one app at a time Girl 'given' HIV to fight her cancer One step closer to HIV cure A baby girl born in the southern US state of Mississippi, who was thought to have been cleared of HIV, has seen her infection return, US scientists said on Thursday 10 July. The child, now four, was born in 2010 to an HIV-infected mother who was untreated during pregnancy. The baby was given a potent dose of antiretroviral medication 30 hours after birth, and tested positive for HIV. Doctors allegedly cured the child of HIV by administering the three drugs Epivir, Viramune and zidovudine 30 hours after the baby's birth, according to CNN. The child was then treated with a Kaletra drug combination produced by Abbott Laboratories. Read: Why are only some babies of HIV+ women infected and others not?She went off her medication to suppress the human immunodeficiency virus when she was 18 months old, but somehow remained disease-free, showing no detectable level of the virus for more than two years. Her case raised hopes that doctors may have found a way to cure young children who are born HIV-positive, simply by treating them with drugs early. "Certainly, this is a disappointing turn of events for this young child, the medical staff involved in the child's care, and the HIV/Aids research community," said Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute on Allergy and Infectious Diseases in the US.The girl was tested during a routine clinical care visit earlier this month, and was found to have detectable HIV levels in her blood, as well as a decreased T-cell count and the presence of HIV antibodies. Read: The 3 ways to test for HIV antibodiesAll those factors signalled that HIV was actively replicating again in her body. She is now being treated once again with antiretroviral medication and is doing well, Fauci said. "The case of the Mississippi child indicates that early antiretroviral treatment in this HIV-infected infant did not completely eliminate the reservoir of HIV-infected cells that was established upon infection, but may have considerably limited its development and averted the need for antiretroviral medication over a considerable period," said Fauci. Researchers must now turn their attention to understanding why and how the child went into remission, with the hope of extending that time period even further in future cases.Read more:Scientists find that the pool of inactive HIV viruses that lingers silently in a patient's body is larger than expectedHow babies younger than 18 months are tested for HIVWatch: How HIV positive children are assisted in SA NEXT ON HEALTH24X 7 mistakes that can impact your blood pressure reading 2018-05-21 13:34 More: News advertisement Read Health24’s Comments Policy Comment on this story 13 comments Comments have been closed for this article. Logout Comment 0 characters remaining Share on Facebook Loading comments... Other news Medical 7 mistakes that can impact your blood pressure reading Lifestyle ‘I tried haemorrhoid cream on my puffy eyes – here’s what happened’ News Former Banyana midfielder Makhosi Luthuli on her struggle with Lymphoma Medical 4 foods that can improve your hearing Lifestyle PSA: You can now track your periods using your Fitbit Fitness How to burn more kilojoules at the gym — without doing any extra exercise From our sponsors Win a R1 500 hamper with Alpecin Hypertension Consumer Fact Sheet Understanding diabetes self-management WIN a R2000 Skin Renewal voucher! Live healthier Mental health & your work » How open are you about mental illness in the workplace? Mental health in the workplace – what you can do to help If you know that one of your colleagues suffers from a mental illness, would you be able to help them at work? Maligay Govender offers some helpful mental health "first aid" tips. Sleep & You » Sleep vs. no sleep Diagnosis of insomnia 6 things that are sabotaging your sleep Kick these shut-eye killers to the kerb and make your whole life better – overnight.