Home > News Updated 11 July 2014 Setback in search for HIV 'cure' A baby girl born in the southern US state of Mississippi, who was thought to have been cleared of HIV, has seen her infection return, US scientists say. 13 Shutterstock Related Treating HIV one app at a time Girl 'given' HIV to fight her cancer One step closer to HIV cure A baby girl born in the southern US state of Mississippi, who was thought to have been cleared of HIV, has seen her infection return, US scientists said on Thursday 10 July. The child, now four, was born in 2010 to an HIV-infected mother who was untreated during pregnancy. The baby was given a potent dose of antiretroviral medication 30 hours after birth, and tested positive for HIV. Doctors allegedly cured the child of HIV by administering the three drugs Epivir, Viramune and zidovudine 30 hours after the baby's birth, according to CNN. The child was then treated with a Kaletra drug combination produced by Abbott Laboratories. Read: Why are only some babies of HIV+ women infected and others not?She went off her medication to suppress the human immunodeficiency virus when she was 18 months old, but somehow remained disease-free, showing no detectable level of the virus for more than two years. Her case raised hopes that doctors may have found a way to cure young children who are born HIV-positive, simply by treating them with drugs early. "Certainly, this is a disappointing turn of events for this young child, the medical staff involved in the child's care, and the HIV/Aids research community," said Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute on Allergy and Infectious Diseases in the US.The girl was tested during a routine clinical care visit earlier this month, and was found to have detectable HIV levels in her blood, as well as a decreased T-cell count and the presence of HIV antibodies. Read: The 3 ways to test for HIV antibodiesAll those factors signalled that HIV was actively replicating again in her body. She is now being treated once again with antiretroviral medication and is doing well, Fauci said. "The case of the Mississippi child indicates that early antiretroviral treatment in this HIV-infected infant did not completely eliminate the reservoir of HIV-infected cells that was established upon infection, but may have considerably limited its development and averted the need for antiretroviral medication over a considerable period," said Fauci. Researchers must now turn their attention to understanding why and how the child went into remission, with the hope of extending that time period even further in future cases.Read more:Scientists find that the pool of inactive HIV viruses that lingers silently in a patient's body is larger than expectedHow babies younger than 18 months are tested for HIVWatch: How HIV positive children are assisted in SA NEXT ON HEALTH24X Smoking e-cigarettes could significantly slow healing of wounds 2018-10-21 07:00 More: News advertisement Read Health24’s Comments Policy Comment on this story 13 comments Comments have been closed for this article. Logout Comment 0 characters remaining Share on Facebook Loading comments... Other news Lifestyle Smoking e-cigarettes could significantly slow healing of wounds Lifestyle This is exactly how to escape a botched bench press Lifestyle 6 legit health benefits of quinoa News Shocking prevalence of pregnancies, HIV infections in 9-19 year olds in Limpopo village Lifestyle Is it safe to sleep with your contact lenses in? We found out Lifestyle How does circumcision really affect your sex life? Here are the facts From our sponsors Dementia and Incontinence: what you need to know Tell-tale signs you need a mattress upgrade Keen to win a R2 000 voucher? Good health begins in your gastrointestinal tract Live healthier Gut health » Can't lose weight? Blame it on your gut Our nutrition experts weigh in on why gut health is such an important factor in weight loss, on World Obesity Day. Sleep better » Yes, there is such a thing as too much sleep A new study confirms that too little sleep can impair your brain, but interestingly, too much sleep is also a problem.