Home > News Updated 11 July 2014 Setback in search for HIV 'cure' A baby girl born in the southern US state of Mississippi, who was thought to have been cleared of HIV, has seen her infection return, US scientists say. 13 Shutterstock Related Treating HIV one app at a time Girl 'given' HIV to fight her cancer One step closer to HIV cure A baby girl born in the southern US state of Mississippi, who was thought to have been cleared of HIV, has seen her infection return, US scientists said on Thursday 10 July. The child, now four, was born in 2010 to an HIV-infected mother who was untreated during pregnancy. The baby was given a potent dose of antiretroviral medication 30 hours after birth, and tested positive for HIV. Doctors allegedly cured the child of HIV by administering the three drugs Epivir, Viramune and zidovudine 30 hours after the baby's birth, according to CNN. The child was then treated with a Kaletra drug combination produced by Abbott Laboratories. Read: Why are only some babies of HIV+ women infected and others not?She went off her medication to suppress the human immunodeficiency virus when she was 18 months old, but somehow remained disease-free, showing no detectable level of the virus for more than two years. Her case raised hopes that doctors may have found a way to cure young children who are born HIV-positive, simply by treating them with drugs early. "Certainly, this is a disappointing turn of events for this young child, the medical staff involved in the child's care, and the HIV/Aids research community," said Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute on Allergy and Infectious Diseases in the US.The girl was tested during a routine clinical care visit earlier this month, and was found to have detectable HIV levels in her blood, as well as a decreased T-cell count and the presence of HIV antibodies. Read: The 3 ways to test for HIV antibodiesAll those factors signalled that HIV was actively replicating again in her body. She is now being treated once again with antiretroviral medication and is doing well, Fauci said. "The case of the Mississippi child indicates that early antiretroviral treatment in this HIV-infected infant did not completely eliminate the reservoir of HIV-infected cells that was established upon infection, but may have considerably limited its development and averted the need for antiretroviral medication over a considerable period," said Fauci. Researchers must now turn their attention to understanding why and how the child went into remission, with the hope of extending that time period even further in future cases.Read more:Scientists find that the pool of inactive HIV viruses that lingers silently in a patient's body is larger than expectedHow babies younger than 18 months are tested for HIVWatch: How HIV positive children are assisted in SA NEXT ON HEALTH24X Swallowing toiletries, makeup sends thousands of kids to the ER each year 2019-06-19 09:50 More: News advertisement Read Health24’s Comments Policy Comment on this story 13 comments Comments have been closed for this article. Logout Comment 0 characters remaining Share on Facebook Loading comments... Other news Parenting Swallowing toiletries, makeup sends thousands of kids to the ER each year Medical New research shows a lung condition – mainly prevalent in smokers – is increasing in non-smokers Fitness Learn to do a legit reverse plank for a major glutes and abs burn Medical WATCH: Top 10 reasons why mosquitoes prefer you over others Medical WATCH: What is strep throat? Lifestyle These are SA's top 3 wild animals responsible for sending victims to the ER From our sponsors Chela-Fer® iron supplement is easy on the gut for better days Effective treatment for ADHD is available Live healthier » Most couples do not get divorced after infertility struggles IVF kids may have higher risk of autism Progesterone gel as good as injection for IVF Fertility treatments tied to higher odds for pregnancy complications For most women who cannot conceive naturally, in vitro fertilisation is very safe and effective, but it may involve a higher risk of complications during pregnancy. Heart health » Another day at the office – thanks to a defibrillator close at hand Statins help the heart, no matter what your age Even the smallest fitness gains could help you reduce the risk of a heart attack 5 women share exactly what it feels like to have a heart attack 'I felt like I had a pill stuck in my throat.'