The terror and tragedy of violence and natural disaster can have a devastating psychological impact on survivors. In response to such events, trauma debriefing has been advocated as a way of supporting survivors.
But can the good intentions and passion to help following a trauma carry with it paradoxical effects?
Minor - no symptoms: allow natural recovery, limit to education and/or social support to foster individual coping, no formal intervention
Moderate symptoms: foster resilience and individual coping by providing psychological tools; avoid mandatory or intrusive emotional debriefing
Severe: formal psychological and medical intervention