Home > Medical > Childhood Diseases Latest in Childhood Diseases Baby with ‘water on the brain’ fights to stay alive Joshua Naicker was diagnosed with hydrocephalus, a condition that affects one in 500 babies. He needs life-saving stem-cell treatment that is only available in the US. SEE: Eating snot is good for your child You might think eating boogers is disgusting, but there are surprising health benefits... Whooping cough shot works, but many moms-to-be skip it Timely vaccination can prevent three-quarters of pertussis cases in newborns. Don't vaccinate your children? Science says otherwise... Next to the common cold, ear infections are the most commonly diagnosed childhood illness. load more Your Childhood Diseases Guide There are a number of common childhood diseases, including chickenpox, croup, measles and mumps. Learn more about symptoms, management and treatment of common childhood illnesses here. How can croup be prevented? Croup: When to call the doctor How is croup treated? How is croup diagnosed? Course and prognosis of croup Risk factors for croup What causes croup? Symptoms of croup Who gets croup? What is croup?