08 February 2011

Treating TB

Preventive therapy (PT) against TB involves infected people taking anti-TB drugs to prevent progression to active disease.

Medicine for Preventive Therapy

While taking INH, see your doctor regularly and do not drink alcohol.

  • Isoniazid (INH)
  • Rifampin (RIF)
  • Pyrazinamide (PZN)
  • Ethambutol (EMB)
  • Streptomycin (STR)

  • No appetite
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Yellowish skin or eyes
  • Fever for three or more days
  • Abdominal pain
  • Tingling fingers or toes
  • Skin rash
  • Easy bleeding
  • Aching joints
  • Dizziness
  • Tingling or numbness around the mouth
  • Easy bruising
  • Blurred or changed vision
  • Ringing in the ears

  • Rifampin can turn urine, saliva, or tears orange or brown, and may stain contact lenses.
  • Rifampin can make you more sun-sensitive.
  • Rifampin makes birth control pills and implants less effective. Use another birth control method while taking rifampin.
  • If you are taking rifampin and methadone (to treat drug addiction), you may have withdrawal symptoms and your methadone dosage need adjustment.

  • Have spent time with someone with drug-resistant TB disease
  • Do not take their prescribed medicine regularly
  • Do not take all their medicine
  • Develop TB disease again, after having taken TB medicine previously
  • Come from areas where drug-resistant TB is common (South East Asia, Latin America, Haiti and the Philippines)


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