Home > Medical > Tuberculosis 10 things you need to know about TB This World TB Day, the World Health Organization (WHO) is calling on leaders to work together and commit to bringing an end to one of the world's deadliest diseases –tuberculosis (TB). SA researchers find urine test better for rapid TB testing On World TB Day a UCT study reveals that a simple and inexpensive urine test can more quickly and efficiently detect TB in hospitalised patients with HIV. SHOCKING: Several TB strains now incurable, say local researchers The rise of drug-resistant tuberculosis has taken a new, horrifying turn. Latest in Tuberculosis Historic UN TB declaration ‘falls short’ say activists Civil society groups have criticised the United Nations declaration on tuberculosis saying it ‘falls short’ on critical issues in the fight against the world’s top infectious killer. Experimental vaccine shows promise in preventing TB Researchers say a new vaccine might prevent half of full-blown tuberculosis in infected people who receive the shot. Calls for action at historic TB meeting Doctors Without Borders has called on President Cyril Ramaphosa to reverse the “sluggish global progress in combatting TB” by making decisive commitments at the first-ever United Nations High-Level Meeting on TB taking place in New York. TB remains the world's deadliest infection, according to the WHO TB is still the deadliest infectious disease and South Africa's figures remain a major concern. load more Your Tuberculosis Guide Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease that usually affects the lungs. TB is mainly spread when someone with TB coughs or sneezes, and someone else breaths in the air-borne bacteria. A person can be infected with the TB organism for years without getting sick or spreading it on to others, but when their immune system weakens for some reason, TB infection can develop into active disease. Symptoms of TB include a persistent cough, weight loss, appetite loss and constant fatigue. TB can be cured, but requires rigorous unbroken treatment that lasts for six months – failure to complete the treatment regimen can result in the emergence of drug-resistant strains of TB. As TB is a common opportunistic infection ailing people with HIV, South Africa has a particularly high burden of TB due to its high prevalence of HIV. Learn more about TB types, causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention here. What is extensively drug resistant TB (XDR-TB)? What is multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB)? Risk factors for developing tuberculosis (TB) How TB progresses How can tuberculosis be prevented? Treating tuberculosis Diagnosing tuberculosis Symptoms of tuberculosis What causes tuberculosis? What is tuberculosis?