Home > Medical > Tuberculosis 10 things you need to know about TB This World TB Day, the World Health Organization (WHO) is calling on leaders to work together and commit to bringing an end to one of the world's deadliest diseases –tuberculosis (TB). SA researchers find urine test better for rapid TB testing On World TB Day a UCT study reveals that a simple and inexpensive urine test can more quickly and efficiently detect TB in hospitalised patients with HIV. SHOCKING: Several TB strains now incurable, say local researchers The rise of drug-resistant tuberculosis has taken a new, horrifying turn. Latest in Tuberculosis Don't let let TB go untreated during pregnancy HIV-positive pregnant women with TB are encouraged to adhere to treatment because the disease can be successfully treated in pregnancy. Poor care and stigma are barriers to SA’s treatment of children with TB Stigma, and an unequipped private sector are barriers to fighting South Africa’s top killer disease, tuberculosis – especially in children. TB drug price protests take centre stage at World Lung Conference launch Protesting activists have demanded that the price for the blockbuster tuberculosis drug bedaquiline be slashed, at the opening of 49th Union World Conference on Lung Health, in the Netherlands New tuberculosis vaccine in sight A new vaccine for the world’s top infectious disease killer, tuberculosis, is in sight - for the first time in 100 years. load more Your Tuberculosis Guide Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease that usually affects the lungs. TB is mainly spread when someone with TB coughs or sneezes, and someone else breaths in the air-borne bacteria. A person can be infected with the TB organism for years without getting sick or spreading it on to others, but when their immune system weakens for some reason, TB infection can develop into active disease. Symptoms of TB include a persistent cough, weight loss, appetite loss and constant fatigue. TB can be cured, but requires rigorous unbroken treatment that lasts for six months – failure to complete the treatment regimen can result in the emergence of drug-resistant strains of TB. As TB is a common opportunistic infection ailing people with HIV, South Africa has a particularly high burden of TB due to its high prevalence of HIV. Learn more about TB types, causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention here. What is extensively drug resistant TB (XDR-TB)? What is multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB)? Risk factors for developing tuberculosis (TB) How TB progresses How can tuberculosis be prevented? Treating tuberculosis Diagnosing tuberculosis Symptoms of tuberculosis What causes tuberculosis? What is tuberculosis?