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Sports Injuries

Shoulder injuries

Many shoulder problems don't involve the bones but rather the tendons, ligaments and muscles. Common injuries include those to the rotator cuff, frozen shoulder, osteoarthritis, broken collarbone and shoulder instability.Many shoulder injuries don't involve the bones but rather the tendons, ligaments and muscles. Common injuries include those to the rotator cuff, frozen shoulder, osteoarthritis, broken collarbone and shoulder instability. Find more on shoulder pain from sports injuries here and discover causes, treatment and prevention advice.

Inflammation of the subscapularis muscle

The subscapularis is one of the rotator cuff muscles that originates from the underside of the shoulder blade and inserts at the front of the upper arm (humorous). It is the powerful muscle that rotates the arm inwards, and therefore fielders are the most prone to injuring the subscapularis.

Cry on this expert's shoulder

Shoulders, hips and ankles don't warrant much attention until you get an injury - then you need one of the specialists on the Orthopaedic Specialist forum.

Frozen shoulder can be treated

Movement of a frozen shoulder can be painful, but will not cause damage, writes dr Joe de Beer, arthroscopic shoulder surgeon, and dr Karin van Rooyen.

Anterior dislocation of the shoulder

In anterior glenohumeral dislocation, the head of the humerus is forced out in an anterior direction past the glenoid labrum and then downward to rest under the coracoid process.

Fractured collarbone (clavicle)

The collarbone runs along the front of the shoulder to the breastbone (sternum). A fracture involves a partial or total crack through the bone.

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Ask the Expert

Sports Injuries Expert

Adrian Rotunno is a medical doctor in the Sports & Exercise Medicine fellowship at the Sports Science Institute of South Africa, and qualified physiotherapist. Team physician for Dimension Data pro-cycling, and Boland Rugby. Special interests include endurance sport, in particular cycling, as well as contact sports.

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