Sports Injuries

Updated 30 May 2016

What are sports injuries?

A sports injury refers to any bodily injury that occurs whilst exercising or playing sports.

Everyone from the average gym-goer to the serious athlete is likely to experience some form of injury at some point.

A sports injury is any sports-related injury that occurs during exercise which involves the musculoskeletal system including the bones, muscles and cartilage.

The most common causes of sports injuries include accidents, bad form, an inadequate warm-up or from performing exercises beyond your current level of strength or fitness.

The most common types of sport injuries include:

  • Sprains
  • Strains
  • Knee injuries
  • Achilles tendon injuries
  • Fractures
  • Dislocations

Read more: 

Causes of sports injuries 

Symptoms of sports injuries 

Preventing sports injuries


Handout on Health: Sports Injuries: NIH Publication No. 13–5278;

Sports Injuries; Mediline Plus ( 2 October 2014);

Achilles Tendon Injuries; Sports Medicine Australia;

Dislocations: Mediline Plus; US National Library of Medicine (27 January 2014);


Ask the Expert

Sports Injuries Expert

Adrian Rotunno is a medical doctor in the Sports & Exercise Medicine fellowship at the Sports Science Institute of South Africa, and qualified physiotherapist. Team physician for Dimension Data pro-cycling, and Boland Rugby. Special interests include endurance sport, in particular cycling, as well as contact sports.

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