Sports Injuries


Find an overview of the causes, treatment and prevention of common sports injuries to the hip, ankle, wrist, shoulder and other areas of the body. These include muscular, tendon, ligament and bone injuries caused by acute trauma or repetitive strain. Learn more about symptoms, diagnosis and the treatment methods available, and discover what the recommended recovery period for common sports injuries can be.

Symptoms of sports injuries

The symptoms of sports injuries vary depending on the type of injury sustained although swelling, pain, bruising, reduced range of motion, weakness and muscle spasms are commonly experienced.

Preventing sports injuries

While a sports injury can never be entirely prevented, there are steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of injury. These include warming up properly, using the right equipment, proper technique and the appropriate amount of rest and recovery.

Causes of sports injuries

Sports injuries can result from a number of different causes including overtraining, overuse, improper warm-up, poor technique and impact.

Common sports injuries

Certain sports injuries are more common than others. These include sprains, strains and muscle, ligament or tendon tears.

Treating sports injuries

The treatment of a sports injury will depend on the severity of the injury as well as whether or not it is acute or an ongoing, chronic concern. Common treatments include the RICE method, medication and physiotherapy.

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Ask the Expert

Sports Injuries Expert

Adrian Rotunno is a medical doctor in the Sports & Exercise Medicine fellowship at the Sports Science Institute of South Africa, and qualified physiotherapist. Team physician for Dimension Data pro-cycling, and Boland Rugby. Special interests include endurance sport, in particular cycling, as well as contact sports.

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