advertisement

Sports Injuries

Updated 07 July 2014

Meniscus injury

A meniscus injury is a common rugby injury, occurring mostly during tackles when the knee is twisted or over-extended.

What is a meniscus?
In the knee joint there are two half-moon-shaped pieces of cartilage called menisci lying on the shinbone. The meniscus is called the lateral meniscus; the inner meniscus is called the medial meniscus.

Causes
A meniscus injury is a common rugby injury, occurring mostly during tackles when the knee is twisted or over-extended.

  • Pain - felt along the joint line where the meniscus is located or may be more vague and involve the whole knee.
  • Locking (inability to completely straighten the knee) may occur.
  • Long-term: The constant rubbing of the torn meniscus on the cartilage may cause wear and tear on the surface, leading to degeneration of the joint. The knee may swell with use and become stiff and tight.

  • Apply RICE to the injured knee if there is swelling: rest - slows down bleeding and reduces the risk of further damage; Ice - eases pain, reduces swelling, reduces bleeding initially; compression - reduces bleeding and swelling; elevation - reduces bleeding and swelling by allowing fluids to flow away from the site of injury.
  • Improve the strength of the muscles around the knee.
  • See a sports injury therapist or physiotherapist.

 

Read Health24’s Comments Policy

Comment on this story
0 comments
Comments have been closed for this article.

Ask the Expert

Sports Injuries Expert

Adrian Rotunno is a medical doctor in the Sports & Exercise Medicine fellowship at the Sports Science Institute of South Africa, and qualified physiotherapist. Team physician for Dimension Data pro-cycling, and Boland Rugby. Special interests include endurance sport, in particular cycling, as well as contact sports.

Still have a question?

Get free advice from our panel of experts

The information provided does not constitute a diagnosis of your condition. You should consult a medical practitioner or other appropriate health care professional for a physical exmanication, diagnosis and formal advice. Health24 and the expert accept no responsibility or liability for any damage or personal harm you may suffer resulting from making use of this content.

* You must accept our condition

Forum Rules