Beloved comedian and actor Robin Williams is said to have
been suffering from Parkinson’s at the time of his death, which may be linked to his long battle with
In a statement to the press on the 14th of
August, Williams’ wife, Susan Schneider revealed that her husband had been
suffering from Parkinson’s disease, a diagnosis that he was not yet ready to
reveal to the world.
Parkinson’s disease, a disorder that causes a decrease in
dopamine-producing brain cells, is three times more likely to develop in
persons suffering from depression, according to research conducted by the
Taipei Veterans General Hospital. The
2013 study also revealed that people suffering from depression during old age
are at an even higher risk of developing Parkinson’s.
Read: Robin Williams died of asphyxia by hanging
This is caused by the effect of Parkinson’s on areas of the
brain responsible for mood control. The disorder affects the area of the brain
responsible for serotonin production. Furthermore, reduced dopamine levels associated
with Parkinson’s affect the synthesis of norepinephrine in the brain. Decreased
serotonin and norepinephrine are both directly related to depression.
depression and Parkinson’s
According to the National Institute of Health (NIH), suffering
from both depression and Parkinson’s disorder can make the symptoms of each
condition worse. Many symptoms of the two conditions overlap, making it
difficult for both medical professionals and loved ones to ascertain whether or
not the sufferer may be depressed. Because of this, depression often goes
undiagnosed, untreated and may severely affect quality of life.
Read: Depression may precede Parkinson's
Sufferers of both disorders may have greater difficulty with
movement and experience elevated levels of anxiety. Other symptoms include pessimism,
irritability, increased tiredness and a lack of interest in activities that
they previously enjoyed.
Whilst these symptoms may seem dire, effective treatment in
the form of antidepressant medications is available.
Did Parkinson’s cause
Robin Williams to commit suicide?
Studies show that while Parkinson’s sufferers are more
likely to suffer from suicidal thoughts, the actual suicide rate amongst people
Parkinson’s is extremely low, lower even than the general population.
Read: Sex and gambling linked to Parkinson's
Whilst Parkinson’s cannot be the sole cause of Robin
Williams’ suicide, it may have been a contributing factor.
Dr. Jeff Bronstein, a professor of neurology at the
University of California, has stated that the fact that Parkinson’s can
exacerbate depression, coupled with the fact that the actor had received a
difficult, life-changing diagnosis may have created the “perfect storm” that
resulted in his suicide.
Depression in the elderly
Teenage suicide is higher when unemployment is up
Warning signs of suicide
Sources: youngparkinsons.org; Channel24; CBS Los Angeles; NBC News; NIMH; parkinsons.org; Medical News Today; WebMD; Wikipedia