Do you know these 9 facts about osteoporosis?
1. More than one third of women over the age of 50 and nearly
half of those over age 70 are affected by this disease.
For example in Americans, 55% over the age of 50 have osteoporosis, of
which 80% of these are women.
2. Osteoporosis in men is on the increase, and one in five men
will develop this disease.
3. In most cases the patient is 50-70 years old, before
osteoporosis is diagnosed; it can however, affect women and some men in their
mid–thirties, or even earlier.
4. A woman's risk of sustaining a hip fracture is equal to the
combined risk of developing breast, uterine and ovarian cancer.
5. Up to 13% of hip fracture victims die within one year;
15-25% will require institutionalisation and less than half will regain full
functional capability. In octogenarians, it is estimated that mortality following a hip fracture is
>80% within two years after the fracture occurred.
6. In developed countries, spinal osteoporosis is six times
more common in women than in men, and hip fractures two to three times. In
developing countries, including South Africa, the incidence of hip fractures in
men approximates that of women.
7. Although less common
among black people, osteoporosis occurs in all population groups and recent
evidence suggests that its prevalence is increasing.
8. While osteoporosis is treatable, its prevention is much more
effective. This requires an understanding of predictive factors to pre-empt the
likelihood of osteoporosis. An understanding of these issues will also increase
knowledge about lifestyle adaptations to prevent further bone loss.
9. Recent advances in treatment options have resulted in a
50-70% reduction in the rate of osteoporotic fractures in individuals on
What is osteoporosis?
Symptoms of osteoporosis
Reviewed by Dr Gareth
Lorge FCP (SA), Specialist Physician in
private practice, Netcare Rosebank Hospital, February 2015.
Previously reviewed by
Tereza Hough, CEO, National Osteoporosis Foundation of South Africa, 2010.