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Oral-health

12 March 2015

Slashing sugar intake fights obesity and tooth decay

The World Health Organisation says adults and children need to cut the amount of sugar they consume by as much as half to lower risk of obesity and tooth decay.

Adults and children must cut the amount of sugar they consume by as much as half in North America and Western Europe and even more in other areas to lower risk of obesity and tooth decay, the World Health Organisation said.

Less than 10 percent

New guidelines meant people should reduce the amount to less than 10 percent of their daily energy intake – or to about 50 grams or 12 teaspoons of sugar for adults, experts at the UN body told Reuters.

A cut to less than 5 percent would be even better, they added.

Read: The facts on bleaching your teeth

The WHO's recommendations to health ministries cover free sugars such as glucose and fructose, and sucrose or table sugar added to processed foods and drinks as well as sugar naturally present in honey, syrups and fruit juices.

The current average in North and Central America was 95 grams per adult per day, in South America about 130 grams, and in Western Europe about 101 grams, said Dr. Francesco Branca, Director of WHO's Department of Nutrition for Health and Development.

Can of soda contains 10 teaspoons

"A single can of sugar-sweetened soda contains up to 40 grams (around 10 teaspoons) of free sugar," the WHO said.

Evidence showed adults and children who consume less sugar have lower body weight, according to the announcement.

Read: What to eat for white teeth

Current rates of sugar consumption varied widely according to age and area, it added. Intake in Europe ranged from about 7-8 percent of daily energy intake in Hungary and Norway to 16-17 percent in countries like Spain and Britain.

Data showed rates among children in Portugal were as high as 25 percent of daily energy intake.

"We have solid evidence that keeping intake of free sugars to less than 10 percent of total energy intake reduces the risk of overweight, obesity and tooth decay," Branca said in a statement.

Read More:

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Healthy foods that wreck your teeth

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Image: Woman with lollipop from Shutterstock

 

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Dr Imraan Hoosen qualified from the Medical University of South Africa in 1997. Together with his partner, Dr Hoosen now runs a group of dental practices around Johannesburg (Lesedi Private Hospital, Highlands North Medical Centre , Brenthurst Clinic, Parklane Clinic, Simmonds Street Medical and Dental Centre, Soni Medical Centre- Newclare). Dr Hoosen can be contacted on 011 933 4096.

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