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Meds and you

27 September 2013

Glycopyrrolate

In South Africa glycopyrrolate is used pre-operatively and during surgery to reduce salivary and bronchial secretions, to reduce and prevent an undesirable drop in blood pressure.

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(Also known as glycopyrronium)

Glycopyrrolate is the active ingredient of Robinul (Nappi Code: 761206-19 and 961214-003).

General information
In South Africa glycopyrrolate is used pre-operatively and during surgery to reduce salivary and bronchial secretions, and also to reduce and prevent an undesirable drop in blood pressure and a slow heart rate.

Since glycopyrrolate is used during surgical procedures, your doctors will determine the suitability and safety of this drug for you. They will also monitor you closely for any adverse effects.

Fast facts

Drug schedule: schedule 2
Available as: glycopyrrolate is available as this medication is available as an injection.
Overdose risk: medium
Dependence risk: low
Is glycopyrrolate available as a generic? no
Is glycopyrrolate available on prescription only? yes

Special precautions
Consult your doctor before using this drug if:

  • you have glaucoma

  • you have asthma

  • you have known heart rhythm disturbances

  • you have been diagnosed with myasthenia gravis

  • you have high blood pressure

  • you have cardiovascular disease

  • you are pregnant

  • you are taking any other medication

Pregnancy: avoid. It is unknown how this medication may affect your baby. Consult your doctor before using this drug, or if you are planning to fall pregnant.
Breastfeeding: avoid. This medication is passed through breast milk and may affect your baby adversely. Consult your doctor before use. It may furthermore decrease your milk-flow.
Porphyria: avoid. It is unknown how this medication may affect your condition. Consult your doctor before use.

Possible side effects
The following side effects have been noted:

  • dry mouth

  • blurred vision

  • urinary hesitancy

  • constipation

  • fast heart rate

  • headache

  • nausea and vomiting

  • loss of taste

  • confusion

  • skin rash

Interactions

Disease interactions
Consult your doctor before using this drug if you have glaucoma, asthma, known heart rhythm disturbances, if you have been diagnosed with myasthenia gravis, high blood pressure, or if you have cardiovascular disease.

This material is not intended to substitute medical advice, but is for informational purposes only. Please consult a physician for specific treatment and recommendations.

Overdose action
An overdose of this medication can be fatal. Seek immediate emergency medical attention.


 
 

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