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Lung cancer

Updated 28 August 2014

Breath test may reveal early-stage lung cancer

A simple breath test might reveal if a person has early-stage lung cancer – the breath is tested for levels of cancer-specific substances.

A simple breath test might reveal if a person has early-stage lung cancer, according to a new study.

Researchers tested the exhaled breath of people with suspicious lung lesions that were detected on CT scans. The breath was tested for levels of four cancer-specific substances, called "carbonyls".

Read: CT scan benefits high-risk smokers

The breath samples were analysed using a special device developed at the University of Louisville.

Having elevated levels of three of the four carbonyls was predictive of lung cancer in 95% of patients, while having normal levels of these substances was predictive of a noncancerous growth in 80% of patients, the researchers found.

Biopsy procedure

Elevated carbonyl levels returned to normal after lung cancer patients had surgery to remove the cancer, according to the study, which was to be presented at the Society of Thoracic Surgeons annual meeting in Orlando, Florida.

"Instead of sending patients for invasive biopsy procedures when a suspicious lung mass is identified, our study suggests that exhaled breath could identify which patients" may be referred for immediate surgery, study author Dr Michael Bousamra, of the University of Louisville, said in a society news release.

This approach offers something new, he said, including "the simplicity of sample collection and ease for the patient."

The data and conclusions of research presented at medical meetings should be viewed as preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

Read more:

Breath test may detect cancers

Breath test may spot lung cancer

 

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