Updated 07 July 2014

Risk factors: existing diseases that increase risk

Diabetes, existing heart disease, previous stroke or kidney damage will increase your risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disease.


Certain diseases, like diabetes, or damage to some of your organs can also increase your risk for hypertension and cardiovascular disease. The adverse effects of high blood pressure on organs in your body are called “target organ disease.”

  • Existing heart disease (Enlarged heart, heart failure, previous heart attack and angina. Previous bypass operation or balloon dilatation.)
  • Diabetes
  • Previous stroke, including so-called mini-strokes
  • Kidney damage
  • Damage to the retina of the eye
  • Damage to the blood vessels.

(Dr Kathleen Coetzee, MBChB )

Read more:
Stress and hypertension


Read Health24’s Comments Policy

Comment on this story
Comments have been closed for this article.

Ask the Expert

Hypertension expert

Dr Jacomien de Villiers qualified as a specialist physician at the University of Pretoria in 1995. She worked at various clinics at the Department of Internal Medicine, Steve Biko Hospital, these include General Internal Medicine, Hypertension, Diabetes and Cardiology. She has run a private practice since 2001, as well as a consultant post at the Endocrine Clinic of Steve Biko Hospital.

Still have a question?

Get free advice from our panel of experts

The information provided does not constitute a diagnosis of your condition. You should consult a medical practitioner or other appropriate health care professional for a physical exmanication, diagnosis and formal advice. Health24 and the expert accept no responsibility or liability for any damage or personal harm you may suffer resulting from making use of this content.

* You must accept our condition

Forum Rules