Preventing heart attacks and strokes is very similar in women and men, with a few small but important differences, according to new guidelines from the American Heart Association.
Women also have other unique risk factors that can increase their chances of stroke, including pregnancy, taking birth control pills, and hormone replacement therapy during menopause.
A recognition that diseases such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis increase heart disease risk in women.
There is little evidence for the use of hormone replacement therapy, antioxidants and folic acid to prevent heart disease in women, and some evidence of potential harm. Nor is there good evidence that the routine use of low-dose aspirin to prevent heart attacks is effective in women.