You can reduce your
risk of potentially deadly blood clots by following seven simple lifestyle
steps, a new study suggests.
The study included
more than 30 000 people, aged 45 and older, who were followed for nearly five
years. The participants' heart health was rated based on how closely they
followed the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7 measures, which are:
being physically active, avoiding smoking, eating a healthy diet, watching your
weight, and controlling blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
heart health was classified as inadequate, average or optimum, and the
researchers compared the incidence of blood clots in the three groups.
Compared to people
with inadequate heart health, those with optimum heart health had a 44% lower
risk of blood clots and those with average heart health had a 38% lower risk,
according to an American Heart Association news release.
The researchers also
found that maintaining ideal levels of physical activity and body-mass index -
a measure of body fat based on height and weight - were the two most important
factors in lowering the risk of blood clots.
The study was
presented Wednesday at an American Heart Association meeting in Lake Buena
Vista, Fla. The data and conclusions should be viewed as preliminary until
published in a peer-reviewed journal.
Every five minutes,
someone in the United States dies of a blood clot in the legs (deep vein
thrombosis) or lungs (pulmonary embolism), according to the American Heart
The US National
Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute has more about deep