Below are some symptoms that could indicate an acute heart failure episode.1,2
- Increased swelling - As an acute heart failure episode approaches, fluid rapidly builds-up around the body causing swelling of the lower legs, abdomen or feet.
- Severe breathlessness - Due to fluid building up in the lungs, patients will become severely breathless and incapacitated, often compared to the sensation of drowning.
- Rapid weight gain - Because of the rapid build-up of fluids, patients will rapidly gain weight.
1. Mosterd A, Hoes AW. Clinical epidemiology of heart failure. Heart. 2007;93(9):1137-46.
2. Irish Heart Foundation. Living well with heart failure patient booklet. http://www.irishheart.ie/media/pub/patient-booklets/living_with_heart_failure.pdf. 2013