06 May 2003

Counselling principles and procedures

Here are some useful counselling principles and procedures from Nefale (2001).

  • Help the survivor actualise the loss
  • Help the survivor to identify and express feelings
  • Assist living without the deceased
  • Facilitate emotional relocation of the deceased
  • Provide time to grieve
  • Interpret “normal” behaviour
  • Allow for individual and cultural differences
  • Provide continuing support
  • Examine defences and coping styles
  • Identify pathology and refer
(Nefale, 2001)

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Dr Sindisiwe van Zyl qualified at the University of Pretoria in 2005. She is a patients' rights activist and loves using social media to teach about HIV. She is in private practice in Johannesburg.

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