A pap smear is a way to examine cells collected from the cervix the main purpose it to detect cancer or abnormal cells that may lead to cancer. It can also detect infection and inflammation.
How is a pap smear done?
A pap smear is performed as part of a gynaecological exam. It can be done in a doctor's office, clinic or hospital. That patient lies on a table and places her feet in stirrups to position the pelvis for examination.
Squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL)
Squamous describes thin flat cells that form the outer surface of the cervix and lesion refers to abnormal tissue.
(Source: National Institute of Health)