First aid is immediate care given to someone with an injury or sudden illness - until this is resolved or more advanced care reaches them. It ranges from putting a plaster on a cut to performing CPR.
- Preserve life (including the first aider's, who should never endanger his own life)
- Prevent further injury
- Promote recovery
The following steps aim to keep an ill or injured person alive and protected from further harm while waiting for emergency medical services:
- 112 on a cellular phone
- 10177 National medical emergency number for ambulance services
- 082 911 Netcare
- 084 124 ER24
- Apply firm pressure directly to a bleeding wound (but around any embedded object) with a clean cloth.
- Elevate and immobilize an injured limb. Splint a fractured limb if you have been trained to do so.
- Have the person lie down.
- Raise the legs higher than the head.
- Cover the person to keep them warm.
- Give nil by mouth.
Last updated: July 2009