Updated 14 March 2014

Killer pig virus hits US pork producers

Small pork producers in the US need disaster assistance because of a virus that has killed over four million pigs countrywide.


Two US Senators urged the US Department of Agriculture to approve disaster assistance for small pork producers affected by a deadly virus that has killed more than four million pigs across the United States in the past year.


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Democrats Debbie Stabenow of Michigan, chair of the Senate Agriculture Committee, and Kay Hagan of North Carolina, the number two US hog producer, also urged increased research to find a vaccine for Porcine Endemic Diarrhoea Virus (PEDv), for which no treatment currently exists.

"Pork producers that have been impacted by PEDv face economic devastation," the senators wrote in a letter to US Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack.

"If this disease persists, pork herds will continue to diminish and producers risk going out of business," they said.

Increased costs

PEDv causes diarrhoea, vomiting and severe dehydration in pigs. It has a reported mortality rate of 80 to 100% for piglets under two weeks old; older pigs have a better chance of recovery.

Cases have been increasing recently across the US farm belt. There have been 4 458 confirmed outbreaks of PEDv in 27 states, according to figures from the USDA's National Animal Health Laboratory Network. Arizona became the latest state to report the virus.

The virus has also been found in four Canadian provinces.

Pork processors have been finding it more difficult to buy hogs for slaughter, and this has started to filter through the supply chain.

A top official from Tyson Foods Inc said that the virus was likely to result in higher pork prices, as meat producers pass along to consumers their increased input costs.

(Picture: A pig from Shutterstock)


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