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Updated 20 May 2015

Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is a malignant disease affecting the ovaries (egg-producing organs) of women.

Definition 

Causes and risk factors

  • Having many pregnancies
  • Use of the contraceptive pill
  • Tubal ligation and hysterectomy
  • Breastfeeding

  • Early onset of puberty
  • Late menopause
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Obesity
  • Infertility (but not infertility treatment)
  • Family history of breast/ovarian cancer
  • Genetic: certain genes : BRCA1 and BRCA2

The link with diet, exercise, talc/asbestos exposure and mumps remain unproven.

Symptoms, signs and spread

  • Vague abdominal discomfort and symptoms like bloating, mild nausea and lack of appetite
  • Menstrual irregularities
  • Painful intercourse
  • Urinary frequency

Diagnosis

  1. Obtain tissue samples for confirmation
  2. Remove as much tumour as possible
  3. Assess spread

Treatment

Outcome

Prevention

 
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ACNE

2019-11-18 06:57
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