Those are namely:
• Age: Diarrhoea in children aged three years or younger can be highly dangerous, as they are particularly vulnerable to dehydration. Newborns to two-month-old babies are at highest risk. Elderly patients are also vulnerable to dehydration.
• Environment: Poor sanitation and hygiene
• Medications: Antibiotics
• Co morbidities: Diabetes, kidney disease and history of intussusceptions.
What is diarrhoea?
How can diarrhoea be treated?
Causes of diarrhoea
Revised and reviewed by Dr Saville Furman, MBChB MFGP (SA). Family Physician, Part time lecturer in family medicine and primary care at UCT, Red Cross Children’s Hospital and Groote Schuur hospital, Cape Town. February 2015.
Previously reviewed by Dr Naayil Rajabally MBBCh (Wits), FCP (SA), Cert Gastroenterology (Phys) Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Groote Schuur Hospital. Updated, October 2011