What is diabetes? Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that can affect the entire body. Find information and advice on the symptoms, treatment and prevention of diabetes including diabetes type 2. Learn more about the causes, diagnosis and management of this chronic condition here.

What is diabetes?

There are three main types of diabetes, type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes that all involve the body's improper use of glucose.

Causes of diabetes

The causes of type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes differ, and despite popular belief, none of them are directly caused by eating too much sugar.

Treating type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes requires careful treatment to ensure that the risk of complications is minimised.

Treating gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy when the body struggles to properly regulate blood glucose levels. Without proper diagnosis, treatment and management, gestational diabetes can result in serious complications for both mother and child.

Symptoms of diabetes

Symptoms of diabetes include excessive thirst, increased urination, weight loss and fatigue. It is important to recognise these symptoms as, left untreated, diabetes can cause coma and even death

Diagnosing diabetes

Diabetes is diagnosed by measuring the blood glucose levels in the blood.

Treating type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is treated using medication and lifestyle changes with the aim of effectively managing blood glucose to avoid complications such as cardiovascular, kidney and renal disease.

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Ask the Expert

Diabetes expert

Dr. May currently works as a fulltime endocrinologist and has been in private practice since 2004. He has a variety of interests, predominantly obesity and diabetes, but also sees patients with osteoporosis, thyroid disorders, men's health disorders, pituitary and adrenal disorders, polycystic ovaries, and disorders of growth. He is a leading member of several obesity and diabetes societies and runs a trial centre for new drugs.

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