Victoza is almost identical to a hormone(GLP or Glucagon Like Peptide) found in the intestines, that is normally released by food, and which then goes in the blood to the pancreas to increase insulin release. The problem in diabetes is that the intestine doesn’t release enough GLP, and therefore we are able to supplement this with medications like Victoza, which are nice to use, because they not only help your body’s own insulin to be released, and hence lower glucose levels, but can also help with weight loss, as GLP acts on the appetite center to help reduce food cravings. Medical aids are not overly keen to pay for the medication as it is new and expensive, and they prefer the relatively cheaper option of insulin, which will also lower glucose levels, but has potential problems of hypoglycemia(too low glucose levels) and weight gain.
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