Updated 23 June 2014

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder

Is there something like PMS?

During the last week before menstruating, for most of the menstrual cycles occurring during the course of a year, there have been at least five of the following symptoms which have disappeared shortly after commencing menstruation:

  • Significantly low mood;
  • Marked anxiety or a feeling of being on edge;
  • Fluctuating moods - suddenly feeling sad, rejected or tearful;
  • Feeling persistently angry or irritable;
  • Loss of interests in usual activities;
  • Difficulty concentrating;
  • Decreased energy or feeling of fatigue;
  • Altered appetite, usually increased with cravings;
  • Significantly increased or decreased sleep;
  • A feeling of being out of control;
  • Physical symptoms such as abdominal bloating, headaches, breast tenderness, joint or muscle pain and weight gain.

In order for the problem to be considered a disorder there has to be a significant disturbance in functioning.

Read more:
Depression in women
Happy event? When motherhood hurts

Read Health24’s Comments Policy

Comment on this story
Comments have been closed for this article.

Ask the Expert

Depression expert

Michael Simpson has been a senior psychiatric academic, researcher, and Professor in several countries, having worked at London University in the UK; McMaster University in Canada; Temple University in Philadelphia, USA.; and the University of Natal in South Africa.

Still have a question?

Get free advice from our panel of experts

The information provided does not constitute a diagnosis of your condition. You should consult a medical practitioner or other appropriate health care professional for a physical exmanication, diagnosis and formal advice. Health24 and the expert accept no responsibility or liability for any damage or personal harm you may suffer resulting from making use of this content.

* You must accept our condition

Forum Rules