Updated 24 May 2016

Symptoms of dementia

Dementia is a term that describes a variety of symptoms linked to a decline in memory or other thinking skills. In severe cases it can reduce people's ability to perform everyday tasks and activities.

Symptoms of dementia usually develop gradually and are often progressive. In the case of a brain injury or infection they may develop suddenly and may remain relatively stable.
The general symptoms of dementia are:

- Short-term memory loss

- Changes in personality

- Inability to perform and complete everyday activities

- Confusion

- Impaired judgment

- Getting lost in familiar places

- Paranoia or suspicion of others

- Strange behaviour, deterioration of mood.

Read more: 

What is dementia?

Causes of dementia

Treating dementia

Reviewed by Dr Duncan Ian Rodseth, MB Bch MMed (psych). Consultant Psychiatrist in private practice, Parktown Johannesburg. March 2015