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Cough

Updated 16 January 2017

Cough med for fibromyalgia?

The common over-the-counter cough medication dextromethorphan may help people with fibromyalgia, according to a small study by University of Florida researchers.

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Found to reduce pain

The study of 14 women with fibromyalgia and 10 women without the disease found dextromethorphan appears to temporarily reduce the intensity of "wind-up," a cascading pain response to minor, repetitive physical touch, which is a symptom of the syndrome.

The study appears in the May issue of the Journal of Pain.

The Florida study did not establish guidelines for clinical use of dextromethorphan. However, the findings do suggest it may eventually provide an option for treating fibromyalgia and other conditions that cause heightened pain sensitivity, the researchers said.

"I think it's one piece of the mosaic. We currently have no single therapy in chronic pain that has a big effect. So what this really means for chronic pain patients is that they need to use a whole host of different interventions to decrease the pain they have. And in this, dextromethorphan may have a role in the future," study principal author and rheumatology expert Dr Roland Staud, an associate professor of medicine, said in a prepared statement.

Patients should not self-medicate
However, he cautioned that fibromyalgia patients should not self-medicate by taking cough syrups that contain dextromethorphan.

Fibromyalgia, an incurable illness that causes stiffness, fatigue, muscle aches and sleep disturbances, affects about 10 million Americans, mostly women. The underlying cause is unknown and current treatments include pain medication, stretching, exercise, sleep management and psychological support. – (HealthDayNews)

 

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Professor Keertan Dheda has received several prestigious awards including the 2014 Oppenheimer Award, and has published over 160 peer-reviewed papers and holds 3 patents related to new TB diagnostic or infection control technologies. He serves on the editorial board of the journals PLoS One, the International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Medicine, Lancet Respiratory Diseases and Nature Scientific Reports, amongst others. Read his full biography at the University of Cape Town Lung Institute.

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