It's more likely that you have a disease called COPD (emphysema was one of the old fashioned terms). You need to go and see a lung specialist to see whether you have this and there are special inhalers that could be used to potentially relieve your breathing. Another possibility is that you could be having underlying asthma, especially since it seems to be triggered by cold dry air. This could be masking underlying asthma or it could be something we call exercise induced bronchoconstriction which is a fancy word for the airways complaining when they are suddenly exposed to large volumes of cold dry air. Bottom line, you need to see a lung specialist to sort through these issues.
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