Haiti cholera death toll tops 1,600

The death toll from a cholera outbreak in Haiti has climbed above 1,600, according to the latest estimate from the country's health ministry.

Haiti's cholera part of old pandemic

The cholera epidemic that has killed 1110 people in Haiti is part of a 49-year-old global pandemic and was likely brought to the Caribbean country by a single infected person.

What are the causes of cholera?

Uncooked shellfish, cooked rice, fresh fruits and vegetables can become sources of the disease, but potable water remains the most important source.

What is cholera?

Cholera is an acute illness that results in profuse watery diarrhoea. It's caused by a bacterium, Vibrio cholerae, an organism that lives in fresh water.

Cholera kills 32 in South Sudan

As many as 5 000 children under five are at risk of dying from cholera unless urgent action is taken to contain the outbreak, says the United Nations.

How is cholera treated?

Although antibiotics may shorten the duration and severity of the symptoms, rehydration is the most important part of the treatment regime. Successful treatment requires the replacement of fluids and salts lost through diarrhoea.

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