Home > Medical > Cholera > FAQs FAQs All sections in Cholera » About Cholera » Cholera and HIV » Cholera Prevention » Cholera Vaccination » FAQs » Health Tips » Previous Outbreaks » Multimedia » Cholera News » Real-life Story » Recent Cholera Outbreaks » Travelling and Cholera How is cholera treated? Successful treatment requires the replacing of fluids and salts lost through diarrhoea. What are the symptoms of cholera? Cholera symptoms can range from mild to severe and include: Diarrhoea (look out for the characteristic ‘rice water’ stools or diarrhoea that has a fishy odour); How can water be made clean and safe? Water can be boiled or bleach can be added to the water. Ask EnviroHealth Expert » Quiz Are you a medical whizz? » Talk Health24 Forums » The green list Medicines that changed history How is the cholera vaccine made? The cholera vaccine is made by taking the whole cholera bacteria and killing it with a chemical. How is cholera screened and diagnosed? Signs and symptoms may be unmistakable in an endemic area. Can antibiotics and other medication be used? In individual cases of severe cholera, an effective antibiotic can help shorten the illness, though rehydration remains the core treatment. Is there a vaccine for cholera? Yes. However, although there is a vaccine for cholera, it offers only limited immunity and the jury is out about whether or not travellers should be vaccinated. While some doctors recommend it, others doubt its efficacy and suggest that travellers should rather take precautions with food and drinking water. Regretfully, none of the current vaccines have the necessary combination of high efficacy, long duration of protection, simplicity of administration and low cost to make mass vaccination a possibility in cholera areas. When should I seek medical advice? If you have diarrhoea, especially severe diarrhoea and think you may have been exposed to cholera, seek treatment right away. Where do cholera outbreaks occur? Cholera is present in many countries. New outbreaks can occur periodically in any part of the world where water supplies, sanitation, food safety and hygiene practices are poor. What can I do to avoid cholera? If you are travelling to a country in which cholera is common a few basic precautions should be taken. load more articles advertisement From our sponsors Tell us of your unusual allergy and stand a chance to win R2 000! WIN a R2000 Skin Renewal online store voucher! Stand a chance to win an Alpecin product hamper worth R1 500! FLU SURVEY: Stand a chance of winning R2 000 cash!