Childhood Diseases


Chickenpox occurs worldwide as a childhood disease, which generally lasts four to five days. Chicken pox symptoms include fever and a widespread rash of small blisters (vesicles), usually distributed on the chest, back, face and the arms and legs. Learn more about chicken pox treatment here.

What is chicken pox?

Chicken pox is very infectious and occurs worldwide as a childhood disease that lasts for 5 to 7 days.

Treating chicken pox

In children, mild cases of chicken pox can be managed with simple measures to control the symptoms.

Symptoms of chicken pox

Chicken pox symptoms begin with a moderate fever, headache and listlessness a day or two before the rash appears.

Causes of chickenpox

Chickenpox results when a person, usually a child but sometimes an adult, becomes infected with the varicella-zoster virus (VZV).

Preventing chicken pox

Varicella vaccine, a safe and effective vaccine for chicken pox, is readily available in South Africa.

Diagnosing chicken pox

It is easy to identify the rash of blisters of chicken pox, so laboratory test are not necessary.

Risk factors for chickenpox

The highest risk for contracting chickenpox is associated with living in the same household as a person with the disease.

The serious side of chicken pox

Many people don't know that there is immunisation available for chicken pox that can prevent the disease, or lessen the severity of the viral infection's symptoms.

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