An overview of autism and the symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment of the condition.

What is autism?

Autism is a developmental disorder that affects the brain and can make communicating and interacting with other people difficult.

Causes of autism

Autism is a behaviourally defined developmental disorder which appears to be caused in early development by the impact of the environment on a genetic predisposition.

Treating autism

Autism is treatable by means of a synergistic or multi-disciplinary, child specific approach.

Symptoms of autism

There are a wide range of symptoms and signs of autism that can often be grouped in different ways.

Diagnosing autism

Autism is a difficult condition to diagnose as there is no one test that can be used. Instead, after an extensive evaluation of a child's symptoms and behaviour a correct diagnosis can be made.

Risk factors for autism

Autism affects approximately 1 in every 86 children and it is more common in boys, especially twins.

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