Sleep education for parents of children with autism helps improve the youngsters' behaviour and quality of life, according to a new study.
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder marked by difficulties in social interactions and communications. Autism spectrum disorders encompass a wide range from mild to severe.
For the study, researchers provided sleep education for the parents of 80 children, aged 2 to 10, with an autism spectrum disorder. During the sessions, the parents learned about daytime and evening habits that promote sleep, including the importance of increasing exercise, limiting caffeine, and lessening the use of video games and computers close to bedtime.
In addition, sleep educators helped the parents create a visual schedule for their children to help them establish a bedtime routine and talked about ways to help kids get back to sleep if they woke up at night.
Parents also benefit
"We found that one hour of one-on-one sleep education or four hours of group sleep education delivered to parents, combined with two brief follow-up phone calls, improved sleep as well as anxiety, attention, repetitive behaviour and quality of life in children with [autism spectrum disorders] who had difficulty falling asleep," study author Dr Beth Malow, a professor of neurology and paediatrics, and a professor of cognitive childhood development at Vanderbilt University, said in a university news release.
"The parents also benefited; they reported a higher level of parenting competence after completing the education sessions," Malow added. "The one-on-one and group sessions showed similar levels of success. In contrast, an earlier study that simply gave parents a pamphlet without guidance on how to use it did not provide the same level of improvement in child sleep."
The study was published in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.
Future research is needed to determine the best methods for providing sleep education to families, including telemedicine- and internet-based approaches, Malow said. She and her colleagues within the Autism Speaks Autism Treatment Network are also building partnerships with local paediatric practices to offer training on sleep education.
The U.S. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke has more about autism.