Updated 02 October 2018

Preventing osteoarthritis

There’s no definite way of preventing osteoarthritis, but there's much you can do to reduce the severity of the condition.

There’s no definite way of preventing osteoarthritis.

However, there's much that one can do to lessen the severity of the condition. Maintaining a healthy weight means that there's less pressure on weight-bearing joint, such as the hips and the knees. The added pressure on the joints of an obese person contributes to the breakdown in the cartilage. 

Prevent injuries and fractures

Physical activity keeps joints healthy and strengthens the muscles that support your joints. And watch your blood glucose levels, as the development of diabetes can increase your OA risk.

Injured joints are much more likely to develop osteoarthritis. Do whatever you can to prevent injuries and fractures, and always wear protective gear when taking part in sport where injuries are possible. Early identification of risk factors such as hypermobility is important.

Reviewed by Dr Stella Botha, rheumatologist at Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town (MBChB, MRCP, PhD). November 2017

Image credit: Shutterstock


Read Health24’s Comments Policy

Comment on this story
Comments have been closed for this article.

Ask the Expert

Arthritis expert

Professor Asgar Ali Kalla completed his MBChB (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) degree in 1975 at the University of Cape Town and his FRCP in 2003 in London. Professor Ali Kalla is the Isaac Albow Chair of Rheumatology at the University of Cape Town and also the Head of Division of Rheumatology at Groote Schuur Hospital. He has participated in a number of clinical trials for rheumatology and is active in community outreach. Prof Ali Kalla is an expert in Arthritis for Health24.

Still have a question?

Get free advice from our panel of experts

The information provided does not constitute a diagnosis of your condition. You should consult a medical practitioner or other appropriate health care professional for a physical exmanication, diagnosis and formal advice. Health24 and the expert accept no responsibility or liability for any damage or personal harm you may suffer resulting from making use of this content.

* You must accept our condition

Forum Rules