Osteoarthritis or degenerative joint disease is a condition caused by the deterioration of the cartilage and bone that makes up the affected joints. The symptoms of osteoarthritis are joint pain and stiffness. There are many causes of osteoarthritis, including joint injury, genetic factors and jobs that entail chronic joint stress. Treatment is focused on pain management and includes medication, exercise and techniques and tools to reduce the stress on joints.

Hip replacement boosts heart attack risk

People who have total hip or knee replacement surgery are about 30 times more likely to have a heart attack in the two weeks after the procedure, a new study finds.

Joint pain in seniors reduces quality of life

A study indicates that most older people with knee pain also have pain at other sites and tend to have more limited physical function and suffer more from depression and anxiety.

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Professor Asgar Ali Kalla completed his MBChB (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) degree in 1975 at the University of Cape Town and his FRCP in 2003 in London. Professor Ali Kalla is the Isaac Albow Chair of Rheumatology at the University of Cape Town and also the Head of Division of Rheumatology at Groote Schuur Hospital. He has participated in a number of clinical trials for rheumatology and is active in community outreach. Prof Ali Kalla is an expert in Arthritis for Health24.

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