Updated 04 November 2016

Preventing knee pain

How are knee injuries prevented?

Some knee pain and injuries cannot be prevented. However, sensible precautions can be taken by everyone:

Maintain a good level of overall fitness. In particular, strengthening the muscles around the knee should help to prevent strains or overextensions that could damage the joint. Furthermore, being overweight can put all of your joints under unnecessary strain.

Do not suddenly increase your level of activity. If you follow an exercise, gradually increase the intensity levels, sudden changes can easily turn into sudden injuries.

Read: What is knee pain?

Allow for warm-up and cooling-down periods every time you exercise.

Wear knee-guards/braces if you have had a previous injury. This should help to prevent the same areas from being damaged. Consult a physiotherapist or doctor to make sure you choose the right one.

•  Wear shoes appropriate to the activity.

Read more:

Causes of knee pain

Diagnosing knee pain


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Professor Asgar Ali Kalla completed his MBChB (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) degree in 1975 at the University of Cape Town and his FRCP in 2003 in London. Professor Ali Kalla is the Isaac Albow Chair of Rheumatology at the University of Cape Town and also the Head of Division of Rheumatology at Groote Schuur Hospital. He has participated in a number of clinical trials for rheumatology and is active in community outreach. Prof Ali Kalla is an expert in Arthritis for Health24.

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