Many household items can wear out, break down and lose their effectiveness (and may even put your health at risk) if you hang on to them for too long. Keep track of when you purchase the following items, and use these guidelines when you spring-clean to stay healthy and safe.
If you’re a runner, experts recommend replacing your kicks every 600 - 900km, before they lose shock absorption and stability. Buy a new pair before your old pair wears out so you can break them in gradually, suggests Rudy Dressendorfer, a triathlete, American College of Sports Medicine fellow and personal trainer in California. He recommends rotating in your new sneakers for a few workouts each week (or less than half of what you usually do in the old pair), especially if you’re changing models or brands.
Smoke detectors and fire extinguishers
You’ve probably heard that you should check your smoke detectors’ batteries twice a year. But even with fresh batteries, smoke detectors that are older than 10 years may not work as effectively and should be replaced, says Lorraine Carli of the National Fire Protection Agency. For fire extinguishers, “check the gauge to make sure they are fully charged,” she says. “If they’re not, recharge or replace it.” Some extinguishers are disposable, she notes, and can only be used once.
You’ll likely notice when makeup starts to go bad; any changes in color, consistency, or odor is a sure sign that it’s time toss a product. While most cosmetics last for at least a year, the Food and Drug Administration recommends discarding eye makeup, like mascara, every three months. They may have bacterial growth, which can lead to an eye infection. And you may need to replace all-natural brands sooner because their plant-based ingredients may breed bacteria.
All medications - both prescription and non-prescription - should have an expiration date printed on their package or, in the case of ointments, embossed on the crimp, says Kathleen Besinque, associate professor of clinical pharmacy at the University of Southern California School of Pharmacy. If a medication isn’t in its original packaging, don’t use it. “I advise that people review the contents of their medicine cabinet at least once a year,” says Besinque. But don’t flush or throw away prescription drugs, which can contaminate waterways. Ask your pharmacist how you can dispose of unwanted and expried medications.
If you take vitamins or supplements regularly, they should run out before they expire. For those of you who don’t take your vitamins daily, don’t hang on to them past the expiration date, when they may begin to lose effectiveness, says Besinque. If the bottle doesn’t have a date stamped on it, throw it away - and opt for a different brand next time.
Change your toothbrush - or, if you have an electronic toothbrush, swap out the head -- every three to four months, advises the American Dental Association. That’s when bristles start to wear down and aren’t as effective at removing cavity-causing plaque. It’s also a good idea to toss your toothbrush earlier than that if you’ve been sick, if you’re more susceptible to infection or if the bristles become frayed.
Image of first aid from Shutterstock.
(By Amanda MacMillan for Sniffle Solutions, April 2012)