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31 July 2011

Chikungunya

Chikungunya fever is a viral disease transmitted to humans by the bite of infected mosquitoes.

  • Chikungunya fever is a viral disease transmitted to humans by the bite of infected mosquitoes.
  • Chikungunya fever occurs regularly in many parts Africa and Asia.
  • Symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, muscle pain, rash, joint pain.
  • No deaths from chikungunya fever have been conclusively documented.
  • There is no specific treatment, and no prevention other than avoiding mosquito bites.

Symptoms of chikungunya fever
The illness usually involves the following symptoms: fever, headache, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, muscle pain, rash, joint pain. The time from infection (i.e. being bitten) with CHIKV until symtoms start to appear is usually about three to seven days.

  • Wear clothing with long sleeves and cover your ankles – especially at dawn and dusk, when mosquitoes are most active. It’s also preferable to stay indoors at these times.
  • Use long-lasting insecticide sprays inside homes and buildings.
  • Place wire or gauze screens on all doors and windows.
  • Keep a fan on in the room during the night – the current seems to put off the mosquitoes.
  • Apply mosquito repellents directly to the skin.
  • Use mosquito netting over the beds – these can be soaked in certain types of insecticide.
  • Try to spend evenings indoors rather than outdoors, as you are much less likely to get bitten by mosquitoes.
  • Blankets treated with mosquito repellents are useful.

 
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