the most dangerous type of skin cancer tend to stay out of the sun and wear
extra sunscreen the year after being diagnosed.
But a new small study suggests
those precautions don't last. Two to three years after being diagnosed with
melanoma, people spent as many days in the sun and were exposed to at least as
much UV radiation as their peers without the disease, researchers
"Something tells us that they relax more when time passes by after
diagnosis," Dr Luise Idorn, the study's lead author from Bispebjerg
Hospital in Copenhagen, Denmark, said. "We think they just regress back to
old habits." Rates of melanoma have been rising in the United States,
according to the American Cancer Society.
It predicts over 76 000 new melanomas
will be diagnosed in 2013. People who have had melanoma have a higher than
average chance of getting it again. But that risk can be reduced if they cover
up and stay out of the sun, Idorn told Reuters Health.
To see how well patients
protect themselves, she and her colleagues tracked 20 people during the three
summers after they were diagnosed with melanoma. They compared those patients
to another 20 melanoma-free people who mirrored the patients in their age,
gender and skin type. All study participants recorded the time they spent in
the sun and use of sunscreen in daily diaries. They also wore watches that
measured UV radiation exposure.
During the first summer after patients were
diagnosed with melanoma, they spent fewer days in the sun without sunscreen
than people in the comparison group, the researchers found. However, patients'
daily UV radiation dose rose by 25% from the first summer to the second, and
increased again in the third summer.
People without melanoma, on the other
hand, were exposed to similar levels of radiation across all three years. UV
exposure tended to be higher among patients than people without skin cancer by
the third summer. But that difference was small and could have been due to
chance, Idorn and her colleagues reported Wednesday in JAMA Dermatology.
of the cancer-free group and 60% of people with melanoma reported
getting sunburned at least once during the study period, they added.
would have thought that a diagnosis of melanoma would change their behaviour.
This study indicates they may be more cautious, but only the first year after
diagnosis," Idorn said. "It's disturbing results that these patients
who are really at quite high risk of a second melanoma are not reducing their
sun exposure," Brenda Cartmel, from the Yale School of Public Health in
New Haven, Connecticut, said. "This is surprising," added Cartmel, who
has studied people's behaviour after a skin cancer diagnosis but wasn't
involved in the new study.
The researchers noted that their study was small and
did not include information on sun exposure from before participants developed
"It may be more difficult than we realise for people who really
enjoy the sun to stay out of it," Idorn said. "It may be a habit or a
way of living that is difficult to abstain from, even after a cancer
Dermatologist Dr Brundha Balaraman from Washington University
School of Medicine in St Louis said she found the results "not entirely
surprising" because skin cancer is more common among people who spend lots
of time in the sun to begin with.
"It would be interesting to assess sun behaviours
before and after the diagnosis of melanoma to determine whether a patient
improves from his personal baseline," Balaraman, who also didn't
participate in the new research, told Reuters Health in an email.
Idorn, there's a need for more studies, including focus groups of people with
melanoma, to figure out how doctors can help patients reduce their time in the
sun. Cartmel told Reuters Health she and her colleagues are working on those
types of studies now.
"I don't think what we are going to advise people to
do is going to be different," she said. "I just think somehow we need
to get that message over maybe in a different way."